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Treatment

Restorative treatment

Restorative treatment Restorative treatment

Dental health maintenance

Most dental desiases can be prevented with proper care and diet!

What you can do
    • Brush your teeth twice a day for about 2 min each time
    • Use soft to medium tooth brush
    • Toothpaste should have fluoride (for children there is a special tooth paste)
    • Use dental floss to clean between the teeth (once a day)
    • Analyse  your diet. Food with high sugar content should be limited. (See preventive diet suggestions)
    • If you have regular (every 6 months) appointments with the hygienist, you can combine it with a recall clinical examination at the same appointment.
what the dentist can do
    • The dentist should assess the teeth in question as to their dental condition. This involves an examination of the teeth and possibly some radiographs need to be taken.
    • The dentist will then discuss with you your needs and relate them to the clinical status of your teeth. For example simple bleaching may not give you the results you want because the teeh may have visible fillings that could result in a patchy effect.
    • The dentist will then discuss with you methods that can be available to you.

How to improve your smile

What you can do
  • Brush and floss your teeth regularly (brushing 2 times per day and flossing 1 time per day)

  • Visit your hygienist 2 to 3 times per year to facilitate keeping your teeth clean and to make sure that you are cleaning your teeth with appropriate methods.

  • Use a tooth brush (soft to medium bristle stiffness) and an approved tooth paste with fluoride and a whitening agent (this will be advertized on the package).

What the dentist can do
  • Firstly the dentist will assess the teeth in question as to their dental condition. This involves an examination of the teeth and possibly some radiographs need to be taken.

  • Then the dentist will discuss with you your needs and relate them to the clinical status of your teeth. For example simple bleaching may not give you the results you want because the teeth may have visible fillings that could result in a patchy effect.

  • Finally the dentist will discuss with you methods that can be available to you.

Root canal treatment (Endodontics)

Inside the tooth is a canal that contains tissues that supply the tooth with sensations such as feeling hot or cold.
Sometimes this tissue gets infected (when cavities are very deep) or get traumatized (such as blow to the tooth).
When this happens the tooth may become very sensitive to temperature changes. In later stages the tooth will be painful. When this happens the dentist can remove the canal tissue and stop the discomfort you may have with the tooth.
The removal of theses canal tissues is called root canal treatment.
Following removal of the tissue from the canal the canals are smoothed, treated and finally filled with a rubbery filling material.

What to do if you can not bite on a tooth
  • This probably indicates swelling around the involved tooth.Seek dental treatment immediately.
    The dentist will probably start root canal treatmen.

What to do if a tooth is sensitive to hot and cold
  • Go to Your dentist as soon as possible to get the tooth assessed. If you have a very deep cavity, it is possible that root canal treatment may be started.

What to do if you have swelling in the upper or lower jaw
  • This probably indicates an infection around the tooth. Seek dental treatment immediately.

In all cases dentist will
  • Take a dental medical history. Any illnesses that may affect your treatment will be recorded. Dental history will give the dentist an idea of possible cause.

  • Radiographs (X-rays) will be taken of the area that is affected.

  • If root canal treatment is to be done, local anesthesia of the area will be given.

  • The area will be isolated with a device called a “rubber dam”. Isolation is needed to prevent saliva (and bacteria) from getting to the offending tooth and prevent chemicals used in treatment from getting in your mouth.

  • The dentist will use small thin instruments to navigate in the canal to clean out any tissues remaining. The canals will be resized and dried finally.

  • Depending on the circumstances, the dentist may complete treatment filling, the canal with the rubbery substance. Generally antibiotics are not needed, but if the infection is spreading antibiotics may be prescribed.
    However a second treatment may be required. Between sessions medication will be placed in the tooth.

  • Following treatment the tooth may be sensitive for one or two days. If continued pain is experienced call your dentist.

  • A permanent filling or a crown can be placed when the tooth is not sensitive.

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