Braces are a common therapy method in orthodontics. Brace systems may ensure controlled movements of all teeth, as well as the relocation of an individual tooth or a group of teeth. The brace is fixed to the surface of the tooth with an adhesive, without traumatising the tooth itself. Then a wire is fixed to the braces, which ensures interaction between the braces to straighten the teeth.
Metal braces are the classical type of braces They are made of high-quality nickel, titanium and an alloy of other metals, and efficiently adjust the teeth. Usually this type of braces is chosen by youths, because the wire is attached to the brace by means of special elastic rubber ligatures. Every time a patient arrives to get the braces tightened, they can choose from a range of rubber ligature colours, which makes the tooth adjustment process more interesting and attractive for youths.
They are made of ceramic or synthetic sapphire. They are white or practically translucent and, if a white colour wire is also used, the adjustment of teeth is made more attractive compared to the use of metallic braces.
A special mechanism is used to fix the wire into the brace and elastic rubber ligatures are not required to fix the wire. This reduces friction and, therefore, the visits to the dentist may be slightly less frequent.
This type of braces is practically invisible to others, because the brace is fixed to the internal surface of the tooth - from the side of the tongue.
There are two types of lingual braces:
- Standard lingual braces – this type of braces is intended for the adjustment of comparatively simple orthodontic cases; therefore, these braces are not suitable for all types of regulation;
- Individually tailored braces – they are individually made for each patient at the laboratory in Germany from a gold alloy. In contrast to standard lingual braces, these can also be used in more complex cases.
Duties and liabilities during treatment
To ensure a successful outcome of orthodontic treatment, the patient must observe all instructions of the physician. If the orthodontic equipment is not worn and taken care of properly and within the indicated time, the treatment will not proceed according to plan and will take longer, as well as the planned outcome may not be achieved.